Michael Emerson is a graduate in politics, philosophy and economics from Balliol College, Oxford University, and holds honorary doctorates from the universities of Keele and Kent. After some years at the OECD in Paris, he joined the European Commission in 1973, where until 1990 he worked as an economist on macroeconomic affairs, the costs and benefits of the single market and monetary union, and as economic adviser to the President (Roy Jenkins). In 1991 he was appointed as the EU’s first Ambassador to the USSR (subsequently Russia). Returning from Russia in 1996 Emerson joined the London School of Economics as Senior Research Fellow, and then from 1998 to the present at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) in Brussels. Emerson has published extensively on European affairs and external relations. He currently leads a research project on the three new Association Agreements and DCFTAs of the EU with Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine.